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Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction (MJLI) Vol. 3, 2006

The Motivational Profiles and Perceptions of Schooling of Asian Students in Australia
Dennis M Mcinerney
University of Western Sydney
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
Asian-background students are performing better than other groups within the Australian educational setting. In order to investigate the reasons for this achievement advantage, this study examines the motivational profiles of Asian-background and Anglo-background students in New South Wales Australia. The research utilises personal investment theory and self-concept theory to provide a research framework. 283 Asian-background and 887 Anglo-background students were administered the Inventory of School Motivation, the General Achievement Goal Orientation Survey, the Facilitating Conditions Survey, and the Academic Self Description Questionnaire. While the motivational and self-concept profiles of the two groups were surprisingly similar, there are core significant differences that help explain the Asian students’ achievement advantage. Asian-background students are highly task oriented and significantly more effort oriented, more competitive, praise and token oriented than the Anglo-background students. They have a significantly stronger sense of purpose for schooling and are more performance oriented. Asian-background students also have a stronger intention to go on to university and further study, value school and like school more than their Anglo peers. These results are consistent with those reported in earlier studies with Asian American students.

Science Epistemological Beliefs of Form Four Students and Their Science Achievement Using Web-Based Learning
Tina Lim Swee Kim
Institute of Teacher Education Malaysia (Ipoh Campus)
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
Epistemological beliefs affect student motivation and learning. They have been found to play a significant role in the acquisition of the capacity to control and direct one’s cognitive processing (Lindner, 1993). In particular, science epistemological belief is considered an important factor in science achievement and positive science attitudes among students (Cobern, 1991). Based on the premise above, the purpose of this study was (1) to examine the science epistemological beliefs of Form Four students in Malaysia, and (2) to find out if there was a significant difference in the science achievement of students with high science epistemological beliefs and those with low belief when learning science using different Web-based modules. The sample comprised 169 students from ten schools in the state of Perak. The instrument used in this study was the “Nature of Scientific Knowledge Scale” developed by Rubba (1977). Six factors of the science epistemological beliefs, that is amoral, creative, developmental, parsimonious, testable and unified, were analysed using descriptive statistics. Results showed that the highest ranked factor was testable, followed by unified, creative, developmental and amoral. The lowest ranked factor was parsimonious. Analysis of t-tests for independent means showed that the science achievement of students with high science epistemological beliefs who followed the constructivist approach was significantly higher than those who followed the direct instruction approach. However, there was no significant difference between the science achievement of students with low science epistemological beliefs who followed the constructivist approach and those who followed the direct instruction approach. 2-way ANOVA analysis showed that the interaction effect between type of approach for web-based learning and science epistemological beliefs was significant, suggesting that the effect of the type of web-based learning approach is dependent on the science epistemological beliefs held by the students.

The Effects of Modeling, Prompting, and Reinforcement in Deictic Gesture Instruction of a Student with Autism
Jung-Chang Tang & Wan-Ju Shih
National ChiaYi University, Taiwan
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of gesture instruction on the communication abilities of a student with autism. The multiple probe across settings of the single-case approach was conducted. The independent variable was gesture instruction, and the dependent variable was communication behaviour including the frequency of motoric gesture communication and deictic gesture communication. The participant accepted the experimental treatment of baseline, processing and maintenance phase one by one. Visual inspection was employed to assess the treatment effects of gesture instruction on this student. Results of this study showed that gesture instruction enhanced the frequency of the student’s deictic gesture communication behaviour. The treatment effects could be maintained for two weeks and be generalized to another situation. Additionally, gesture instruction decreased the frequency of the student’s motoric gesture communication behaviour and the treatment effects could be maintained for two weeks. After intervention, both teachers and parents interviewed indicated positive attitudes toward the gesture instruction, and confirmed the improvement on communication performance of this student.

Keberkesanan Kaedah Model Skema Bagi Meningkatkan Kefahaman dan Minat Pelajar Terhadap Cerpen Bahasa Melayu
Subadrah Nair
Universiti Sains Malaysia
Rajeswari Arumugam
Sekolah Menengah Convent Butterworth
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
Artikel ini membincangkan teori skema dan kesan penggunaan model skema dalam pengajaran cerpen (KOMSAS) Bahasa Melayu. Pengkaji-pengkaji teori skema menegaskan skema atau pengetahuan latar dapat membantu meningkatkan kefahaman bacaan pelajar. Suatu kajian kuasi eksperimen telah dijalankan untuk mengenal pasti kesan penggunaan model skema terhadap pencapaian kefahaman pelajar dan minat pelajar terhadap cerpen (KOMSAS). Dapatan kajian tersebut menunjukkan pengajaran dengan menggunakan model skema dapat meningkatkan pencapaian pelajar secara signifikan bagi soalan tentang persoalan, soalan tentang perwatakan, soalan tentang latar masyarakat dan soalan tentang gaya bahasa berbanding dengan pencapaian pelajar yang diajar dengan menggunakan pendekatan tradisional. Selain itu, didapati minat pelajar terhadap cerpen turut meningkat secara signifikan setelah diajar dengan menggunakan model skema.

Assessing the Approaches to Learning of Twinning Programme Students in Malaysia
Pauline Goh Swee Choo
Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
The study set out to examine the psychometric properties of the scores obtained on the modified 20-item Revised Two Factor Study Process Questionnaire (R-SPQ-2F). The study also investigated the relationship between scores on the R-SPQ-2F and students’ learning-related outcomes. In addition, it also examined for any relationships among student’s background variables of gender, choice of academic discipline, age, English language competency, approaches to learning, and learning-related outcomes. Data based on responses of 368 Malaysian students undertaking the twinning mode of study showed the modified R-SPQ-2F to be reliable and factorially valid. The findings also found deep approaches to learning were positively related to students’ learning-related outcomes, while surface approaches to learning were negatively associated. Students’ background characteristics such as choice of academic discipline and English language competency, and approaches to learning were good predictors of students’ learning-related outcomes.

Inhibiting Factors Affecting Teachers’ Implementation of the KBSM (Revised) English Language Curriculum
Hamida Bee Bi Abdul Karim
Universiti Utara Malaysia
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
This paper aims to discuss teachers’ degree of implementation of the KBSM (Revised) English Language Curriculum, introduced in 2003. It also sets to highlight the inhibiting factors that had impeded teachers’ implementation of the Skills Specifications or activities suggested in the Huraian Sukatan Pelajaran (HSP) Bahasa Inggeris Tingkatan Empat of the new curriculum. Firstly, the author finds that about 60 percent of the teachers obtained only a medium degree of implementation for 18 out of the 22 Skills Specifications. Secondly, the author concludes that among the prominent factors that had inhibited teachers’ implementation of the KBSM (Revised) English language curriculum in Malaysian classrooms were too many components of the new curriculum, hence leading to lack of understanding of the curriculum, lack of in-service training, time constraints and finally inadequate and irrelevant teaching materials.

The Relationship between Learning Style and Quantitative/Qualitative Information Recall Performance
A.B.M Abdullah & Jerry Ligon
University of North Texas
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
This study examined the ability of individuals to recall qualitative or quantitative information contained in reading passages. The subjects’ scores on the Kolb Learning Style Inventory (KLSI) were analyzed to determine if an individual’s learning style preference affected his/her information recall performance. Demographic variables, including age, sex, grade level, employment status and length, and ethnicity were also included in the analysis. One-way ANOVA analysis was conducted to test two proposed hypotheses. Results indicated that there was significant relationship between individuals learning styles and their ability to recall qualitative information. However, for the quantitative information the results were inconclusive. Regression analysis also indicated that there was a significant relationship between the type of information recalled and recall performance. In addition to information type (qualitative/quantitative), the abstract-to-concrete AC-CE dimension score of the KLSI was also found to have significant impact on information recall performance.