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Malaysian Journal of Learning and Instruction (MJLI) Vol. 1, No. 1 Jan 2004

 
Preliminary Explorations of Knowledge Management Initiative in Higher Educational Institution: The Case of the Quality Management Major/Concentration Undergraduate Degree Program in anVirtual University
Ibrahim Ahmad Bajunid
Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences
Universiti Tun Abdul Razak
 
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
The paper is presented in two sections. In Section A, the paper explores the notion of knowledge management with reference to knowledge management of educational disciplines. In this section, the thoughts of authors and researchers who have explored various notions related to teaching and learning and societal as well as organizational change are referred in order to recognize the diversity and range of ideas directly and indirectly related to the academic disciplines which can be the subject of knowledge management in the education field. The themes referred to include teaching-leaning, thinking, technological innovations, and educational ideas. Lifestyle changes and future scenarios are also referred to. In Section B, the paper presents a preliminary attempt to discuss knowledge management at the undergraduate degree with special reference to the Bachelor of Management Program. The focus of the knowledge management pursuit is on the concentration of Quality Management. The work is work in progress. Much work needs to be done to integrate notions at the level of the terms, seminal concepts, theories and other perspectives into a coherent conceptual framework. On the one hand further integration could be conducted at the particular units of syntheses among the various subjects in the Quality Management Majors/Concentration. On the other hand, beyond the degree program, scholars could apply the lessons learned to integrate and manage their own learning in formal, non formal and informal learning areas. The encouragement to scholars/students to pursue integration of their knowledge corpus based on the assumptions of the Personal Construct Theory.
 

 
Correlates of Avoidance Help-seeking Behaviors among Malaysian Adolescents
Rosna Awang Hashim, Jahara Hashim, Noran Fauziah Yaakub, Abu Hassan Othman & Ruzlan Md Ali
Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Education
Universiti Utara Malaysia
 
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
The study examined correlates of avoidance help seeking behaviors among secondary school students in the state of Kedah, Malaysia. Particularly, the study examined the relationship between implicit beliefs about intelligence, academic goal orientations, perception of social and cognitive competence, classroom goal orientations, threat to self-worth, and avoidance help-seeking behavior in learning mathematics. Surveys were administered to 1849 secondary school students (1449 Malays and 400 non- Malays: 900 males and 949 females), aged between 13 and 17 years, who were studying mathematics. The instrument for the survey was adapted mainly from the Pattern of Adaptive Learning Scale (PALS). Descriptive statistics war used to examine patterns of avoidance help-seeking behavior. Pearson correlation was used to examine relationships among the variables. Findings indicated that students who perceived math ability as static and students who perceived peers and teachers as posing a threat to their self-worth are the least likely to ask for help. Students who learnt for mastery and who had a high perception of their math cognitive competence were least likely to avoid help seeking when needed. A stepwise regression analysis identified low task focused goals, high peer and teacher threats, low perception of cognitive competence, and a fixed belief about the nature of intelligence as the five main predictors of avoidance help-seeking behavior in learning mathematics. Discussion will center on these significant psychological factors that have implications for the teaching and learning of mathematics at the secondary school level.
 

 
Integrating Cultural Heritage and Values through Expressive Arts in the School Curriculum for Personality Development
Salmah Ayob
Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Education
Universiti Utara Malaysia
 
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
This article is an attempt to heighten the awareness of the general readers, educators as well as professional practitioners to recognize the importance of cultural heritage and values and their contributions to personality development of young children. Children are not born with culture, but rather learn it through enculturation and socialization. Multicultural education is viewed as an intervention and an on-going assessment process to help institutions and individuals become more responsive to the human condition, individual cultural heritage, values and integrity, and cultural pluralism in society. It addresses the aesthetic development of young children, especially in the areas of creativity in music, creative movement, dance, creative dramatics, arts and literature which are proudly acclaimed as parts of our cultural heritage. It focuses to define what is meant by aesthetics and creativity. It further discusses the significant values of our cultural heritage in relation to aesthetic and creative development as well as personality development of the young ones.
 
"Art, when really understood, is the province of every human being. It is simply a question of doing anything well. It is not an outside, extra thing. When the artist is alive in any person, whatever his kind of mind may be, he becomes an inventive, searching, daring, self-expressive creature. He becomes interesting to other people. The world would stagnate without him .... and the world would be beautiful with him ...... He does not have to be a painter or a sculptor to be an artist. He can work in any medium. He simply has to find the gain in the work itself; not outside it. Museums of art will not make a country an art country. But where there is the art spirit, there will be precious works to fill museum". (Robert Henri)
 

 
Gratitude as a Moral Value: A Corpus-based Analysis of its Representation in the Lexis of Malay Primary School Textbooks
Azlina Murad Sani
Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Education
Universiti Utara Malaysia
 
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
This paper reports on a study of the representation of a moral value, gratitude, in the lexis of Bahasa Malaysia primary school textbooks, Years One to Six. The study was based on the assumption that repeated occurrences of these representations over the years of schooling could contribute to the social learning, among children, of patterns and contexts for the expression of this value. A corpus of Bahasa Malaysia subject textbooks was analysed to seek consistent portrayals of gratitude via frequencies of occurrence, sentential contexts as well as collocation. Patterns in representation are discussed at lexical level. TERIMA KASIH was the most frequently occurring lemma for the expression of this value. It was found that the child was more often represented as an expresser of thanks, but less as a receive,: There were limited occurrences of expressions of gratitude between child peers. Gratitude also tended to be represented in the form of formulaic expressions, and in the context of public announcements rather than personal gestures. Some limitations of the corpus-based approach used are discussed.
 

 
Role Play: The Relationship between Self-concept and Learner Participation in an Experiential Learning Process
Naginder Kaur A/P Surjit Singh
Language Department
UiTM Perlis Branch
Arau Campus
 
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
This study was carried out to find out how far students' self-concept affect their participation in the experiential learning process of role play and the extent of improvement in their self-concept as a result of participation in the role play activities. The study was guided by the four steps in Kirk's (1987) Cycle of Experiential Learning: Do, Review, Learn, Apply. Although an individual's general self-concept is determined by the interplay of various facets, only three facets of self-concept were explored, which are, Academic Self-concept, Emotional Self-Concept andSocia1 Self- Concept. The research design adopted was that of a qualitative case study. Five participants from the Pre-Commerce course of UiTM Arau Campus were selected based on homogenous characteristics. Fourteen hours of role plays were conducted and data were gathered through classroom observations, journal entries and interviews with the students and their lecturer; who was the key informant. Several pertinent themes emerged from the data. It was found that there is a positive relationship between self-concept and students' participation in role play. This could be seen from several indicators such as prolonged nervousness, language proficiency, peer influence, the role of lecturer; the impact of dominators, task suitability as well as learners' moods. It was also found that the participants experienced a certain degree of improvement in their self-concept, as reflected by reduced anxiety, an awareness of their strengths, weaknesses and gaining of insights into the situations, improvement in language proficiency, positive relationship among peers and adaptability to the tasks. It can be concluded that role play is a profitable learning activity and is useful towards improving students' self-concept.
 

 
In Search of the 'Lost' Grammatical Description: The Case of Apposition in Malay
Harshita Aini Haroon
Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Education
Universiti Utara Malaysia
 
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
The paper attempts to describe the relation of apposition in Malay. Whilst other relations such as coordination, modification and relative clauses have been widely discussed in the grammatical description of Malay, apposition has been largely left out. The isolation, as a guess, may be due to the fact that some appositional constructions may lie on boundary with other well-established relations, thus lessening the need for its explicit mention. We show in this paper the boundaries of apposition with these relations. Then, using data extracted from a 450,000 word corpus, we put forward the realizations of apposition in the Malay language from syntactic, semantic and pragmatic perspectives in order to close the structural gap currently existing in Malay grammatical relations. We end the paper by briefly mentioning some possible implications of this 'discovery'.
 

 
Malay Adolescents' Perceptions of Maternal and Paternal Parenting Styles
Zahyah Hanafi
Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Education
Universiti Utara Malaysia
 
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
Malay adolescents' perceptions of parenting styles are assessed via Maternal and Paternal Parenting Style questionnaire. Subjects are Malay boys (n= 146) and girls (n= 284) in secondary schools. Both parents are perceived as being low in demandingness but high in responsiveness. Mothers are being rated lower in demandingness and higher in responsiveness compared to fathers. In terms of parenting style, both parents are perceived as being permissive. In addition, a high percentage of parents are reported as being uncertain in their parenting practices.
 

 
Voices of Practice: Teachers' Perceptions of Sexism in Business English Textbooks
Fauziah Abdul Rahim
Faculty of Cognitive Sciences and Education
Universiti Utara Malaysia
 
Abstract Ɩ Full Text
This study looks at how instructors perceive sexism and respond to the portrayal of gender in a textbook. A total of six instructors of an institution of higher learning were interviewed. These instructors were asked three basic questions: (1) Do you discuss gender issues in the classroom? (2) Were you aware of the gender stereotypes in the textbook? (3) How are you going to respond to gender stereotypes in the textbook after being aware? Findings indicate that the instructors did not intend to discuss gender in the classroom. Discussions on gender would be incidental, depending on the topic of the units covered in the textbook. In addition, the instructors did not discuss gender because they had not been aware of gender stereotypes in the textbook. However; most of them felt reluctant to discuss issues on gender even after they were made aware of gender stereotypes in the textbook. Reasons for this include time constraints in completing the syllabus, students' level of proficiency and students' awareness of gender issues. The avoidance of discussions on gender issues was also due to two main reasons: one, gender issues were not part of the syllabus to be covered and two, these issues were not part of the local culture. It is suggested that the instructors should attempt to discuss gender stereotypes and the idea of equality among gender in the classroom, especially if sexism existed in the textbook, to avoid gender stereotypes being part of the hidden curriculum.
 

 
Keupayaan Mengajar Guru-Guru Bahasa Melayu Sekolah Menengah
Abdull Shukor Shaari, Noran Fauziah Yaakub & Rosna Awang Hashim
Fakulti Sains Kognitif dan Pendidikan
Universiti Utara Malaysia
 
Abstrak Ɩ Full Text
Keupayaan mengajar merupakan salah satu peramal kepada prestasi kerja guru. Dua dimensi penting bagi keupayaan mengajar ialah pengetahuan asas dan pengetahuan pedagogi isi kandungan guru. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk ( 1) mengukur keupayaan mengajar di kalangan guru-guru bahasa Melayu sekolah menengah dan (2) membandingkan keupayaan mengajar guru-guru ini mengikut jantina, kelayakan akademik dan pengalaman mengajar. Kajian korelasi ini menggunakan sebanyak 370 guru mata pelajaran Bahasa Melayu dari 108 buah sekolah menengah di negeri Kedah. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan sebahagian besar responden mempunyai keupayaan mengajar yang tinggi tetapi terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan dari segi keupayaan mengajar mengikut jantina, umur, kelayakan akademik dan pengalaman mengajar.